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Bioinformatician
Bioinformatics is the field of science in which biology, computer science, and information technology merge to form a single, integrated discipline. Bioinformatics utilizes techniques from applied mathematics, statistics, and computer science to analyze complex chemical and DNA data to solve biological problems at the molecular level. Bioinformaticians play an essential role in gathering and interpreting data from the genome sequencing of diverse organisms, including humans.
Blood Banking, Specialist in
According to the American Medical Association's Health Care Careers Directory (2009-2010), Specialists in Blood Banking (SBB) perform both routine and specialized tests in blood centers, transfusion services, reference laboratories, and research facilities. SBB use methodologies that conform to the AABB (American Association of Blood Banks) "Standards for Blood Banks and Transfusion Services."
Chiropractor
Adjust spinal column and other articulations of the body to correct abnormalities of the human body believed to be caused by interference with the nervous system. Examine patients to determine nature and extent of disorder. Manipulate spine or other involved area. May use supplementary measures, such as exercise, rest, water, light, heat, and nutritional therapy.
Dental Hygienist
Clean teeth and examine mouth, head, and neck for signs of oral disease. May educate patients on oral hygiene, take and develop X-rays, or apply fluoride or sealants.
Dentist
Diagnose and treat diseases, injuries, and malformations of teeth and gums and related oral structures. May treat diseases of nerve, pulp, and other dental tissues.
Dentist, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons do all kinds of surgery involving the mouth, teeth, jaws and face. They reconstruct faces shattered by car accidents and gunshots, remove tumors and cancerous lesions, correct bites by surgically repositioning the jaws, place dental implants, repair cleft palates, perform all kinds of facial cosmetic surgery, and extract impacted wisdom teeth.
Dentist, Orthodontist
Examine, diagnose, and treat dental and mouth problems. Design and make appliances that realign teeth and jaws to produce and maintain normal function and to improve appearance.
Dentist, Prosthodontist
Make oral prostheses to replace missing teeth and other oral structures to correct natural and acquired deformations of mouth and jaws, to restore and maintain oral function (such as chewing and speaking), and to improve appearance.
Dietitian and Nutritionist
Plan and conduct food-service or nutritional programs to assist in the promotion of health and disease control. May supervise activities of a department providing large-quantity food services, counsel individuals, or conduct nutritional research.
Nurse, Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational
Care for ill, injured, convalescent, or disabled people in hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, private homes, group homes, and similar institutions. May work under the supervision of a registered nurse. Must have a nursing license.
Nurse, Registered
Assess health problems and needs of patients, develop and implement nursing care plans, and maintain medical records. Administer nursing care to ill, injured, convalescent, or disabled patients. May advise patients on health maintenance and disease prevention. Licensing or registration is required.
Ophthalmologist
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries of the eyes and related structures.
Optician
Design, measure, fit, and adapt lenses and frames for clients according to written optical prescriptions or specifications. Help clients select frames. Measure customer for size of eyeglasses and coordinate frames with facial and eye measurements and optical prescription. Prepare work order for optical laboratory, including instructions for grinding and mounting lenses in frames.
Optometrist
Diagnose, manage, and treat conditions and diseases of the human eye and visual system. Examine eyes and visual system, diagnose problems or impairments, prescribe corrective lenses, and provide treatment. May prescribe therapeutic drugs to treat specific eye conditions.
Orthotist and Prosthetist
Assist patients with disabling conditions of limbs and spine or with partial or total absence of limb by fitting and preparing orthopedic braces or prostheses.
Pharmacist
Compound and dispense medications following prescriptions issued by physicians, dentists, or other authorized medical practitioners.
Physician Assistant
Provide healthcare services typically performed by a physician, under the supervision of a physician. Conduct complete physicals, provide treatment, and counsel patients. May, in some cases, prescribe medication. Must graduate from an accredited educational program for physician assistants.
Physician, Anesthesiologist
Anesthesiologists focus on the care of surgical patients and pain relief. Like other physicians, they evaluate and treat patients. efforts of their staffs. These critical care specialists are responsible for maintenance of the patient’s vital life functions—heart rate, body temperature, blood pressure, breathing—during surgery. They also work outside of the operating room, providing pain relief in the intensive care unit, during labor and delivery, and for those who suffer from chronic pain.
Physician, Audiologist
Assess and treat people with hearing and related disorders. May fit hearing aids, provide auditory training, and perform research related to hearing problems.
Physician, Cardiologist
Physicians and surgeons diagnose illnesses and prescribe and administer treatment for people suffering from injury or disease. Physicians examine patients, obtain medical histories, and order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests. They counsel patients on diet, hygiene, and preventive healthcare.
Physician, Family and General
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries that commonly occur in the general population.
Physician, Hematologist
According to the American Society of Hematology, "a hematologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and/or investigation of disorders of the hematopoietic, hemostatic, and lymphatic systems, and disorders of the interaction between blood and blood vessel wall."
Physician, Internist
Diagnose and provide non-surgical treatment of diseases and injuries of internal organ systems. Provide care mainly for adults who have a wide range of problems associated with the internal organs.
Physician, Neurologist
According to the American Academy of Neurology (AAN), " A neurologist is a medical doctor with specialized training in diagnosing, treating, and managing disorders of the brain and nervous system. Neurologists do not perform surgery."
Physician, Obstetrician and Gynecologist
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases of women, especially those affecting the reproductive system and the process of childbirth.
Physician, Pediatrician
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent children's diseases and injuries.
Physician, Psychiatrist
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent disorders of the mind. Duties include diagnosing the nature and extent of mental disorders, prescribing medication, and conducting tests or examinations to evaluate patients' general physical condition.
Physician, Pulmonary
Physicians and surgeons diagnose illnesses and prescribe and administer treatment for people suffering from injury or disease. Physicians examine patients, obtain medical histories, and order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests. They counsel patients on diet, hygiene, and preventive healthcare.
Physician, Surgeon
Treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive methods, such as manual manipulation or by using instruments and appliances.
Podiatrist
Diagnose and treat diseases and deformities of the human foot.
Sonographer, Diagnostic Medical
Produce ultrasonic recordings of internal organs for use by physicians.
Speech-Language Pathologist
Speech-language pathologists, sometimes called speech therapists, assess, diagnose, treat, and help to prevent speech, language, cognitive, communication, voice, swallowing, fluency, and other related disorders.
Surgeon, Vascular
Surgeons treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive methods, such as manual manipulation or by using instruments and appliances.
Technician or Technologist, Histotechnician-technologist
According to the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP), the histotechnician prepares very thin sections of body tissues for microscopic examination by a pathologist.
Technician or Technologist, Veterinary
Perform medical tests in a laboratory environment for use in the treatment and diagnosis of diseases in animals. Prepare vaccines and serums to prevent diseases. Prepare tissue samples, take blood samples, and conduct laboratory tests, such as urinalysis and blood counts. Clean and sterilize instruments and materials and maintain equipment and machines.
Technician, Emergency Medical, and Paramedic
Assess injuries, administer emergency medical care, and rescue trapped individuals. Transport injured or sick people to medical facilities.
Technician, Pharmacy
Prepare medications under the direction of a pharmacist. May measure, mix, count out, label, and record amounts and dosages of medications. .
Technician, Psychiatric
Care for mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed people, following physician instructions and hospital procedures. Monitor patients' physical and emotional well-being and report to medical staff.
Technician, Radiologic
Maintain and use equipment and supplies necessary to demonstrate portions the human body on X-ray film or fluoroscopic screen for diagnostic purposes.
Technician, Registered, Dietetic
Help dietitians provide food service and nutritional programs. Under the supervision of dietitians, may plan and produce meals based on established guidelines, teach principles of food and nutrition, or counsel people.
Technician, Respiratory Therapy
Provide specific, well-defined respiratory care procedures under the direction of respiratory therapists and physicians.
Technologist and Technician, Cardiovascular
Conduct tests on pulmonary or cardiovascular systems of patients for diagnostic purposes. May conduct or assist in electrocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations, pulmonary-functions, lung capacity, and similar tests.
Technologist, Cytotechnologist
According to the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) "A cytotechnologist (CT) is a laboratory specialist who is responsible for examining human cell samples under the microscope for early signs of cancer and other diseases."
Technologist, Electroneurodiagnostic
According to the AMA Health professions description, electroneurodiagnostic (END) technology is the medical diagnostic field devoted to the recording and study of electrical activity in the brain and nervous system.
Technologist, Medical and Clinical Laboratory
Perform complex medical laboratory tests for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May train or supervise staff.
Technologist, Nuclear Medicine
Prepare, administer, and measure radioactive isotopes in therapeutic, diagnostic, and tracer studies, using a variety of radioisotope equipment. Prepare stock solutions of radioactive materials and calculate doses to be administered by radiologists. Subject patients to radiation. Execute blood volume, red cell survival, and fat absorption studies following standard laboratory techniques.
Technologist, Radiologic
Radiologic technologists and technicians take x rays and administer nonradioactive materials into patients’ bloodstreams for diagnostic purposes. Some specialize in diagnostic imaging technologies, such as computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Technologist, Surgical
Assist in operations, under the supervision of surgeons, registered nurses, or other surgical personnel. May help set up operating room, prepare and transport patients for surgery, adjust lights and equipment, pass instruments and other supplies to surgeons and surgeon's assistants, hold retractors, cut sutures, and help count sponges, needles, supplies, and instruments.
Therapist, Art
Art therapy is a mental health profession that uses the creative process of art making to improve and enhance the physical, mental and emotional well-being of individuals of all ages.
Therapist, Kinesiotherapist
According to the American Kinesiotherapy Association (AKTA), "Kinesiotherapy is the application of scientifically based exercise principles adapted to enhance the strength, endurance, and mobility of individuals with functional limitations or those requiring extended physical conditioning."
Therapist, Occupational
Assess, plan, organize, and participate in rehabilitative programs that help restore vocational, homemaking, and daily living skills, as well as general independence, to disabled people.
Therapist, Physical
Assess, plan, organize, and participate in rehabilitative programs that improve mobility, relieve pain, increase strength, and decrease or prevent deformity of patients suffering from disease or injury.
Therapist, Radiation
Radiation therapy is the use of radiation to treat cancer in the human body. As part of a medical radiation oncology team, radiation therapists use machines—called linear accelerators—to administer radiation treatment to patients.
Therapist, Recreational
Plan, direct, or coordinate medically-approved recreation programs for patients in hospitals, nursing homes, or other institutions. Activities include sports, trips, dramatics, social activities, and arts and crafts. May assess a patient condition and recommend appropriate recreational activity.
Therapist, Respiratory
Evaluate, treat, and care for people who have breathing or other cardiopulmonary disorders. Have major responsibility for all respiratory care approaches, including the supervision of respiratory therapy technicians. Start and carry out therapeutic procedures, maintain patient records, and select, assemble, check, and operate equipment.
Trainer, Athletic
Evaluate, advise, and treat athletes to assist recovery from injury, avoid injury, or maintain peak physical fitness.
Veterinarian
Diagnose and treat diseases and dysfunctions of animals. May engage in a particular function, such as research and development, consultation, administration, technical writing, sale or production of commercial products, rendering of technical services to commercial firms or other organizations, and inspecting livestock.
     
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