How Your Brain Understands What Your Ear Hears
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National Institutes of Health
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

How Your Brain Understands What Your Ear Hears

Main    Getting Started    Teacher's Guide    Student Activities    About NIH and NIDCD

Glossary    Map    Contact

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Teacher's Guide


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  2. Charrier, I., Matheron, N., and Jouventin, P. 2001. Newborns need to learn their mother’s call before she can take off on a fishing trip. Nature, 412: 873.
  3. Chermak, G.D., Hall, J.W., and Musiek, F.E. 1999. Differential diagnosis and management of central auditory processing disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 10: 289–303.
  4. Kuhl, P.K., Andruski, J.E., Chistovich, I.A., Chistovich, L.A., Kozhevnikova, E.V., Ryskina, V.L., Stolyarova, E.I., Sundberg, U., and Lacerda, F. 1997. Cross language analysis of phonetic units in language addressed to infants. Science, 277: 684–686.
  5. Lorenz, K. 1970. Studies in Animal and Human Behavior (Volume 1). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  6. Loucks-Horsley, S., Hewson, P., Love, N., and Stiles, K. 1998. Designing Professional Development for Teachers of Science and Mathematics. Thousands Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
  7. Massaro, D.W., and Storck, D.G. 1998. Speech recognition and sensory integration. American Scientist, 86: 236–244.
  8. Mooney, R. 1999. Sensitive periods and circuits for learned birdsong. Current Opinions in Neurobiology, 9: 121–127.
  9. NIDCD Fact Sheet. 2001. Auditory processing disorder in children: What does it mean?
  10. NIDCD Consensus Statement. 2001. Noise and hearing loss.
  11. Nondahl, D.M., Cruikshanks, K.J., Wiley, T.L., Klein, R., Klein, B.E.K., and Tweed, T.S. 2000. Recreational firearm use and hearing loss. Archives of Family Medicine, 9: 352–357.
  12. Petitto, L.A. 2000. On the biological foundations of human language. In The signs of Language Revisited: An Anthology in Honor of Ursula Bellugi and Edward Klima. K. Emmorey and H. Lane, Eds. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc.
  13. The Physics Classroom: A High School Physics Tutorial. 2002. Sound waves and motion: Lesson 2: Sound properties and their perception. Retrieved from
  14. Ramus, F., Hauser, M.D., Miller, C., Morris, D., and Mehler, J. 2000. Language discrimination by human newborns and by cotton-top tamarin monkeys. Science, 288: 349–351.
  15. Resources: Roots of hearing loss. 2000, December 15. Science, 290: 2027 (in NetWatch).
  16. Weil, D., Blanchard, S., Kaplan, J., Guilford, P., Gibson, F., Walsh, J., et al. 1995. Defective myosin VIIA gene responsible for Usher syndrome type 1B. Nature, 374: 60–61.
  17. Xia, J.H., Liu, C.Y., Tang, B.S., Pan, Q., Huang, L., Zhang, B.R., et al. 1998. Mutations in the gene encoding gap junction protein beta-3 associated with autosomal dominant hearing impairment. Nature Genetics, 20: 370–373.
  18. Yost, W.A. 2000. Fundamentals of Hearing: An Introduction (4th ed.). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

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