Risk Factors for Heart Disease

Body weight

Obesity is a chronic condition characterized by having a high amount of body fat. Individuals traditionally have been considered obese if they are more than 20 percent over their ideal weight. That ideal weight must take into account the person’s height, age, sex, and build. Overweight is a condition in which one is too heavy for one’s height. Obesity and overweight increase high blood pressure in all ethnic groups at all ages. Weight loss may control high blood pressure. Increased body weight also increases the work the heart must do to supply all body tissues with oxygen and nutrients.

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