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Corrections and Supplementary Information

Module 2

References and Resources

General


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Atkinson, W., Hamborsky, J., McIntyre, L., and Wolfe, S., eds. 2008. Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases. 10th ed. 2nd printing, Washington, DC: Public Health Foundation. Retrieved October 13, 2008 from
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/Pubs/pinkbook/default.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization. 2001. Smallpox: Disease, Prevention, and Intervention Training Course. Slide 17. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/training/overview/pdf/eradicationhistory.pdf.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2007. Possible side-effects from vaccines. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vac-gen/side-effects.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2007. Vaccines and preventable diseases. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/default.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2007. What would happen if we stopped vaccinations? Vaccines & Immunizations. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vac-gen/whatifstop.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2008. Hepatitis B overview and statistics. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/HBV/HBVfaq.htm#overview.

Hilleman, M. 2000. Vaccines in historic evolution and perspective: A narrative of vaccine discoveries. Vaccine, 18: 1436–1447.

Kleifgen, B. 2007. The ethical challenges of vaccines—vaccination requirements and exceptions. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.vaccineethics.org/issue_briefs/requirements.php Exit disclaimer..

Malone, K.M., and Hinman, A.R. 2003. Vaccination mandates: The public health imperative and individual rights. In Law in Public Health Practice (pp. 262–84). New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/imz-managers/guides-pubs/downloads/vacc_mandates_chptr13.pdf.

National Network for Immunization Information. 2006. Immunization issues: Community immunity. Retrieved August 18, 2008, from http://www.immunizationinfo.org/immunization_issues_detail.cfv?id=26 Exit disclaimer.

Park, A. 2008. How safe are vaccines? Time Magazine, May 29. Retrieved August 12, 2008 from http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1808438-1,00.html Exit disclaimer. (Diagram at http://www.time.com/time/magazine/pdf/20080604_vaccines.pdf Exit disclaimer.)

Wasley, A., Grytdal, S., and Gallagher, K. 2008. MMWR Surveillance Summary: Surveillance for Acute Viral Hepatitis—United States, 2006, March 21. Retrieved October 13, 2008, from
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5702a1.htm.

Wynia, M. 2007. Mandating vaccination: What counts as a “mandate” in public health and when should they be used? The American Journal of Bioethics, 12: 2–6.

Measles


British Broadcasting Corporation News. 2000. Measles Outbreak Feared. 2000. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/769381.stm Exit disclaimer.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1991. Measles outbreak—New York City, 1990–1991. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 40: 369–372. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00001980.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2008. Measles mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/concerns/mmr_vaccine.htm.

Coughlan, S., Connell, J., Cohen, B., Jin, L., and Hall, W. 2002. Suboptimal measles mumps rubella vaccination coverage facilitates an imported measles outbreak in Ireland. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 35: 84–86. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/340708 Exit disclaimer.

Immunization Safety Review Committee. 2004. Immunization safety review: Vaccines and autism. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10997 Exit disclaimer.

Mulholland, E.K. 2006. Measles in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine, 355: 440–443. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/355/5/440. (Free slide set with images of measles: http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp068149 Exit disclaimer.)

Parker, A., Staggs, W., Dayan, G., Ortega-Sanchez, I., Rota, P., Lowe, L., Boardman, P., Teclaw, R., Graves, C., and LeBaron, C. 2006. Implications of a 2005 measles outbreak in Indiana for sustained elimination of measles in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine, 355:
447–455. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/355/5/447 Exit disclaimer.

Smallpox


Albert, M., Ostheimer, K., and Breman, J. 2001. The last smallpox epidemic in Boston and the vaccination controversy, 1901–1903. New England Journal of Medicine, 344: 375–379. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/344/5/375 Exit disclaimer.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2004. Smallpox fact sheet: Disease overview. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/overview/disease-facts.asp.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2004. Smallpox fact sheet: Vaccine overview. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/vaccination/facts.asp.

State Immunization Requirements


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2007. Vaccines and immunizations: Requirements and laws. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/imz-managers/laws/index.html.

Immunization Action Coalition. 2005–2006. Exemptions allowed by state. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.immunize.org/laws/exemptions.pdf Exit disclaimer.

Immunization Action Coalition. 2008. State information: State mandates on immunization and vaccine-preventable diseases. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from
http://www.immunize.org/laws/index.htm Exit disclaimer.

Institute for Vaccine Safety, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health. 2008. Vaccine exemptions. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.vaccinesafety.edu/cc-exem.htm Exit disclaimer.

Kasprak, J. 2004. Exemptions from childhood immunization requirements. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.cga.ct.gov/2004/rpt/2004-R-0263.htm.

National Conference of State Legislatures. 2008. States with religious and philosophical exemptions from school immunization requirements. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from
http://www.ncsl.org/research/health/school-immunization-exemption-state-laws.aspx Exit disclaimer.

National Network of Immunization Information. Vaccine information. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.immunizationinfo.org/vaccineInfo/index.cfm Exit disclaimer.

Sabin Vaccine Institute. 2007. Immunization guide. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.sabin.org/guides/immunization07.html.

Salmon, D.A., Haber, M., Gangarosa, E.J., Phillips, L, Smith, N.J., and Chen, R.T. 1999. Health consequences of religious and philosophical exemptions from immunization laws: Individual and societal risk of measles. Journal of the American Medical Association, 282: 47–53. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/282/1/47 Exit disclaimer.

Salmon, D.A., Sapsin, J., Teret, J.D., Jacobs, R., Thompson, J., Ryan, K., Halsey, N. 2005. Public health and the politics of school immunization requirements. American Journal of Public Health, 95: 778–783. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.ajph.org/cgi/content/full/95/5/778 Exit disclaimer.

Pro Mandatory Vaccination

Con Mandatory Vaccination


Isaacs, D., Kilham, H.A., and Marshall, H. 2004. Should routine childhood immunizations be compulsory? Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 40: 392–396.

Other Resources


McNeil, D. Jr. 2002. When parents say no to child vaccinations. New York Times, November 30. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.nytimes.com Exit disclaimer.

National Health Service, United Kingdom. Vacinations animation. Retrieved December 3, 2014, from http://www.nhs.uk/Video/Pages/vaccinationanimation.aspx Exit disclaimer.

Public Broadcasting System. Streaming online video juxtaposes Nigerians/Indians refusing polio vaccine and parents on Vashon Island, WA, refusing vaccines. Retrieved August 12, 2008, from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/rxforsurvival/series/video/index.html Exit disclaimer. (Look in the “Campaign to Eradicate Polio, Part II.”)

 

 

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