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Department of Bioethics

Exploring Bioethics

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Corrections and Supplementary Information

Module 5

References and Resources

Ethical Issues Related to Research and the Protection of Human Subjects


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2008. U.S. Public Health Services Syphilis Study at Tuskegee. Retrieved September 18, 2008, from http://www.cdc.gov/tuskegee/index.html.

Emanuel, E. 2004. Ending concerns about undue inducement. Journal of Law, Medicine, and Ethics, 32: 100–105.

Emanuel, E., Wendler, D., and Grady, C. 2000. What makes clinical research ethical? Journal of the American Medical Association, 283: 2701–2711.

Munson, R. 2000. Intervention and Reflection. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Pages 255–257.

The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. 1979. The Belmont Report: Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved September 17, 2008, from http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/humansubjects/guidance/belmont.html.

The Nuremberg Code. 1949. Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals under Control Council Law No. 10, 2: 181–182. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved September 18, 2008, from http://www.ushmm.org/information/exhibitions/online-features/special-focus/doctors-trial/nuremberg-code Exit disclaimer.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2008. Office for Human Research Protections Web site. Retrieved September 18, 2008, from http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/.

World Medical Association. 1964; rev. 1975, 1983, 1989, 1996, 2000, 2002. 2004. Declaration of Helsinki. Retrieved February 16, 2009, from http://www.wma.net/e/policy/b3.htm.

Roche Case


Becker, L.C., chair. Internal Investigative Committee, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 2001. Report of Internal Investigation into the Death of a Volunteer Research Subject. Retrieved December 10, 2008, from http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/press/2001/july/report_of_internal_investigation.htm Exit disclaimer.

Keiger, D., and De Pasquale, S. 2002. Trials and tribulations. Johns Hopkins Magazine, 54. Retrieved September 18, 2008, from http://www.jhu.edu/~jhumag/0202web/trials.html Exit disclaimer.

Kolata, G. 2001. Johns Hopkins death brings halt to U.S.-financed human studies. New York Times, July 20.

PBS Online News Hour. Research Halt. 2001. Retrieved September 18, 2008, from http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/health/july-dec01/hopkins_7-20.html Exit disclaimer.

Savulescu, J., and Spriggs, M. 2002. The hexamethonium asthma study and the death of a normal volunteer in research. Journal of Medical Ethics, 28: 3–4.

Steinbrook, R. 2002. Protecting research subjects—the Crisis at Johns Hopkins. New England Journal of Medicine, 346: 715–720.

Willowbrook Study


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2008. Viral Hepatitis. Retrieved September 18, 2008, from http://www.cdc.gov/NCIDOD/diseases/hepatitis/a/fact.htm.

Emanuel, E.J., Grady, C., Crouch, R.A., Lie, R., Miller, F., and Wendler, D. 2008. Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press USA.

Krugman, S. 1986. The Willowbrook hepatitis study revisited: Ethical aspects. Reviews of Infectious Diseases, 8: 157–162.

Munson, R. 2000. Intervention and Reflection. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Pages 469–515.

Rothman, D., and Rothman, S. 1984. The Willowbrook Wars. Cambridge: Harper and Row. Pages 265–266.

 

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